Ozone and Deodorization
Steps To Mitigating “Bad” Odors :
- Remove the source
- Clean everything
- Chemical deodorizers and masking agents
- Clean the air
- Seal and paint
Ozone (O3) is a form of oxygen (O2)that contains three atoms instead of two. It is slightly heavier than air, and at low concentrations smells slightly sweet, but at higher concentrations has a pungent aroma. Ozone is molecularly unstable and reacts quickly to revert to a more stable form.
How is ozone formed?
Nature forms ozone every day in a method that is very familiar – thunderstorms. When lightning occurs, ozone is formed by the high voltage arcs, that ionize the air. The air is freshened after the storm because ozone removes many of the impurities that are in the air.
How does ozone destroy odors?
Ozone breaks down, or changes, the molecular structure of the odor molecule. Ozone is an extremely powerful oxidizing agent, and it uses the third oxygen molecule to cause the odor to either reduce in complexity, or stabilize into a compound with less odor. Some odors go through several steps (requiring additional ozone), to be reduced to levels that are no longer detectable. Many odors can be reduced to simple carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H2O), and oxygen (O2).
How is ozone manufactured?
Ozone, due to its instability, has a very short life-span. This means ozone naturally returns to its original form of oxygen. Ozone must be produced when, and where it is needed. The most popular method of producing ozone is by “corona discharge,” which simply means generating a high voltage electrical field and passing air through it. Passing air through the corona converts approximately 1-2% of the oxygen into ozone.
How are the ozone units used to remove odors?
Ozone models are industrial ozone generators that are capable of high levels of ozone. These units do not use any chemicals, operate unattended, and need only occasional cleaning and maintenance. They contain electrical and electronic components to generate ozone, using only small amounts of electricity. Ozone output is 100% adjustable to match the odor levels. They are ideal for applications that need high ozone levels to remove malodorous situations such as garbage, fire and smoke, sewage, animals, decaying organic matter, chemicals, etc. Ozone units destroy odors, retard bacterial growth and slime production, and circulate the ozone allowing it to destroy the odor molecules. Industrial ozone generators are designed to be used in uninhabited areas, or used at volumes that are limited by OSHA or EPA regulations.